|(That's me on left with my dad, |
baby sister and brother)
So....back to the subject of oranges. Their origin is somewhat vague. Southeast Asia, northeastern India, or southern China are the most likely regions. Researchers know that oranges were first cultivated in China around 2500 BC. In the 11th century, oranges appeared in Italy, where they were used to treat illness. (I'm thinking the common cold here). By the late 15th century, oranges had become an edible fruit in the Mediterranean area.
Oranges were introduced to America in the mid-1500s by Spanish explorers. Christopher Columbus supposedly brought orange seeds on his second voyage. Today Brazil and the U.S. (California and Florida) are the top producers of oranges, but they are grown elsewhere around the world and there are many varieties.
Most people know about the high content of vitamin C in oranges, but there is plenty more to applaud this healthy fruit. Here is a brief list: reduced risk of colon cancer; reduced inflammation conditions (e.g. asthma and osteoarthritis); increased immunity; reduced heart disease, strokes and other cancers.....and reduced cholesterol. Research has shown that oranges could lower levels as effectively as statins in some individual. The secret ingredient? The compounds in the orange peel called PMFs. The orange peel claim is new to me. The recommended dose is one tablespoon grated orange peel a day. Anyone else heard of this?
1/2 cup unsweetened cocoa powder
3/4 cup granulated sugar
2-1/4 cups milk (1-2% fat), divided
3 tablespoons freshly brewed espresso
(note: 1-1/2 teaspoons instant espresso added to 3 tablespoons boiling water can be substituted).
1/8 teaspoon cinnamon
1-1/2 teaspoons grated orange peel (or orange zest)
--In medium saucepan mix cocoa and sugar together. Add 1 cup milk and stir until smooth. Add espresso, cinnamon, and 1 cup more milk (reserve 1/4 cup for later). Heat and stir mixture over low heat until sugar dissolves, stirring frequently.
--Pour mixture into ice cube tray (leave dividers in place). Freeze for at least 8 hours.
--Remove frozen cubes from tray, place in food processor, add 1/4 cup remaining milk, and process until smooth. Add grated orange peel, mix lightly and serve at once. Yield: 4-6 servings
(This recipe is a bit complicated but so worth it!)
Q: What does an orange sweat?
A: Orange juice!
A: Nothing. Apples don't talk!
--Orange is the New Black: My Year in a Women's Prison by Piper Kerman (2011)
--Under the Orange Moon
by Adrienne Frances (2014)
by Michel Hall (2014) (picture book)
by John McPhee (1975) (nonfiction)
--The Big Orange Splot
by D. Manus Pinkwater and Daniel Manus Pinkwater (1993) (picture book)
--Think Orange: Imagine the Impact When Church and Family Collide
by Reggie Joiner (2009) (nonfiction)
--A Clockwork Orange
by Anthony Burgess (1995)
--Orange County (2002)
(comedy/drama; guidance counselor sends out wrong transcripts to Standford)
--Oranges and Sunshine
(drama/history; 1980s; British social worker tries to reunite children w/parents)
--Orange Love Story (2005) (Stories of love from a small town point of view; Australian)
--Soldier of Orange (1977)
(Drama; WWII changes the lives of a group of
Dutch law students)
--A Clockwork Orange (1971)
dystopian future Britain)